Sri Lanka is most popular country for the waterfalls. Thousands of foreigners and local visitors goin to up countries to see the natural beauty of the waterfalls annually. They accentuate the immaculate natural beauty of the country and fill the hearts of their visitors with wonderful memories that they will treasure for a lifetime. Almost all the waterfalls in the entire country are surrounded by lush vegetation, offering you the perfect setting to immerse yourself in a feeling of absolute relaxation.
The cool, refreshing mist that caresses your skin, the warm, fuzzy feeling you get from being in the cradle of nature, the mesmerizing views. Most of waterfalls in Sri Lanka falls in up countries including Kandy, Nuwara Eliya and Badulla district. Its around 120 – 200 Km from the capital city of colombo (nearly 3-5 hours drive)
The most beautiful top 25 waterfalls in Sri Lanka are listed in the below
- Ramboda Falls
- Hunnas Waterfalls
- Rathna Ella
- Huluganga Falls
- St. Clair’s Falls
- Baker’s Falls
- Devon Falls
- Galboda Ella
- Bomburu Ella
- Elgin Falls
- Bambarakanda Falls
- Diyaluma Falls
- Ravana Falls
- Ella Falls
- Dunhinda Falls
- Baker’s Falls
- St. Clair’s Falls
- Laxapana Falls
- Aberdeen Falls
- Manneketi Falls
- Bopath Falls
- Dodan Falls
- Kirindi Falls
- Hunas Falls
- Bamarakiri Falls
#1 Ramboda Falls
One of the best waterfalls in Kandy is the Ramboda Falls. It is also one of the highest waterfalls in the Kandy district. Located in the Pussellawa region, between Kanda and another city, Nuwara Eliya. At 109 meters high, the Ramboda falls as the 11th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. The waterfall has several steps and its sound can be heard from quite a distance. The region where this waterfall is located is also rich in biodiversity, making it an ideal place for bird watchers or wildlife photographers.
#2 Hunnas Waterfalls
Hunnas Falls are one of the most spectacular in the Kandy area. Located about 22 kilometers from Kandy, the waterfall is only about 40 meters high. It is fed by non-perennial streams that have descended from the Hunnasgeria peak. Several more streams emerge during the rainy season. However, during the rainy season, the waterfall swells. Tucked away in a small town, the location near the waterfalls is also a popular honeymoon destination. The Hunas waterfalls and the surrounding regions are a relaxing place and they also have several hotels that can be easily reached from Kandy.
#3 Rathna Ella
Rathna Ella is one of those waterfalls to visit in Kandy that is perfect for hikers. At 111 meters, it is the fourteenth highest waterfall in the country. The name Rathna Ella means field of gems. Located in Hasalaka, Kandy district, the surroundings of the waterfalls are quite green. The main occupation of the villagers in the region is rice cultivation. The waterfall is the main source of water supply for the city. When visiting the region, you can see small streams that have been cut to carry water to the fields. The waterfall supplies water to more than 200 farmers in the region, allowing them to have a livelihood.
#4 Huluganga Falls
The Huluganga waterfall is named after the town where it lies. The town of Huluganga is located 30 kilometers away from Kandy. The magnificent waterfall is located at one corner of a rustic village. The waterfall is fed by the Hulu river that originates from the famous Knuckles, Mountain Range.
#5 St. Clair’s Falls
Called the Little Niagara of Sri Lanka, St. Clair’s Falls is around 77 kilometers from Kandy and can be reached in approximately an hour by car. The St. Clair’s Falls is a collection of six waterfalls that cascades over multiple rock outcrops and finally descends into a pool. The waterfall is divided into two sections: the first part is the Maha Ella” which is 80 meters high and 50 meters wide. The next one is the “Kuda Ella, which is 50 meters high only. However, after the construction of a dam in 2008, the volume of the falls have dropped significantly. The dam is presently used for the generation of hydroelectric power. Even though it is not as majestic as before, the falls and the surroundings still make for a beautiful view.
#6 Baker’s Falls
Bakers Falls is one of the most famous waterfalls in the country. It takes around a couple of hours to reach from Kandy. However, the 2-hour long ride culminates into a beautiful view. Bakers falls is not very tall. It is only 20 meters in height. However, the place is quite beautiful. It was named after the famous explorer Samuel Baker. The waterfall is surrounded with rhododendron and fern trees.
#7 Devon Falls
Located close to St. Clairs Falls is the Devon Falls. It is about an hours ride from Kandy. Named after the English coffee planter, this waterfall in 19 meters high and is the 19th highest waterfall in the country. It is also located at 1140 meters above sea level. The falls are formed by a tributary of the Mahaweli River, called Kothmale Oya.
#8 Galboda Ella
Galboda Ella or Galboda Falls is located along the railway lines that connect Colombo and Badulla. The name of the waterfall means fall adjoining the stone. This is because of the large boulder that is located at the base of the waterfall. The only way you can get to Galboda is by train as there is no proper road system developed yet. Therefore, from Kandy, you will have to take a car to the Hatton railway station from there, you can take the train to visit Galboda Ella. The waterfall drastically expands in volume during the rainy season.
#9 Bomburu Ella
Bomburu Ella is located about 90 kilometers away from Kandy and takes a little more than an hour to get there. Unlike most other falls, the Bomburu Ella originates from a lake. The lake is situated in the Central Highlands. Moreover, it is also the widest waterfall in the country. Bomburu Ella is composed of multiple parallel waterfalls that are grouped together. Perawella Falls is another name that is given to the waterfalls.
#10 Elgin Falls
About an hour and a halfs ride away from Kandy is the Elgin Falls. It is named after a town in Scotland, called Elgin. The waterfall is located 1500 meters above sea level and is 25 meters in height. There are several ways to access the falls. From Kandy, you can reach the falls by road. However, you can also take the train. While commuting between Ambewala and Nanu Oya, the waterfall provides a picturesque sight.
#11 Bambarakanda Falls
With a height of 241 m (791 ft), Bambarakanda Ella is by far the highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. It ranks as one of the 300 tallest waterfalls in the world. This waterfall is formed by one of Sri Lanka’s several streams called Kuda Oya (“little river”), which is a tributary of the Walawe river. Bambarakanda Falls, also known as Bambarakele Falls, is located in Halmadulla near Kalupahana at the southern foot of Horton Plains, where a third access road to the national park begins, which is a spectacular steep mountain road, but beyond Bambarakanda Falls the upper parts of the road require 4-wheel vehicles. The falls can be seen from a distance when acessing the, they are in only 5 kilometres distance from the A4 mainroad. A footpath leads to the pool at the bottom of the Bambarakanda Falls hidden in a pine grove. The extent of water spilt downwards is can vary significantly, depending on rainfall.
#12 Diyaluma Falls
Diyaluma Ella, Sri Lanka’s third tallest waterfalls, is located directly at the A4 mainroad, in about 40 km distance west of Bambarakanda Ella, halfway between Beragala and Wellawaya, not far from Koslanda. Diyaluma Falls are 171 m (561 ft) high. The water is from the small river Poonagalla Oya, originating from the Mahakande Pass in Koslanda. It’s a tributary of the Kirindi Oya. In Sinhala, “Diya Haluma” means “rapid flowing water”. But it can also mean “liquid light”. Legend has it that a young chieftain was banished to the highlands. When his betrothed tried to follow him, all the passes were guarded. So she tried to climb the rock, the young chieftain let down a rope of twisted creepers over the escarpment, but as she was hauled up she was dashed against the rocks and died. Out of pity, the gods caused a stream of water to gush from the mountain in order to veil the body in a watery light, hence the name “Diyaluma”.
#13 Ravana Falls
The Ravana Falls, known as Ravana Ella, are situated 6 km south from Ella in the Ravana Ella Wildlife Sanctuary in the Ella Gap. The main waterfalls of several cascades measures about 25 m (82 ft) in height. During the local wet season, the waterfall turns into a form similar to an Areca flower during wet season, but the amount of water is reduced dramatically in the dry season. dramatically. The falls are named after the legendary King of Lanka, known from Hindu mythology and the Indian Ramayana epic. Ravana kidnapped Rama’s wife Sita. Local legend has it that he had hidden her in the caves behind this waterfall and sometimes bathed in the pool. Nothing like this is mentioned in the Indian scriptures. Nevertheless, due to the belief that the Ravana Ella Cave had once served as an abode of Sita, the Ravana Falls attract pilgrims from India travelling on the Ramayana Trail.
#14 Ella Falls
The best places to enjoy the famous panoramic views the small town Ella is famous for are a little bit outside town at a side road climbing the hill a little bit further upwards. From the guesthouse called “Panorama” and the neighbouring “Ambiente” and Hotel “Heaven’s Edge” you can enjoy even more than the view to the Ella gap and Ella rock. Far in the east is the high peak of the Namunukula mountain near Badulla, and at the right angle of the 180-degreepanorama are the nice waterfalls that are sometimes called “Little Ravana Falls” or “Upper Ravana Falls”. Those travelling to Ella by train from Kandy or Nuwara Eliya will see the waterfalls to the right just a few minutes before arriving at Ella Railway station. Whoever wants to walk from Ella to its waterfalls has to walk along the rails. The name of the city, “Ella”, means just this, “waterfall”. Accordingly, “Ravana Ella” means “Ravana Falls”.
#15 Dunhinda Falls
One of the most beautiful waterfalls in Sri Lanka, Dunhinda Falls, is located just 5 kms north of Uva’s provincial capital Badulla, in less than 2 km distance from Badulla-Mahiyanganaya Road. A small scenic jungle path leads from food stalls to an observation platform close to the falls. The picturesque Dunhinda Falls are only 64 m (210 ft) in height, but due to the extent of water pouring down, they are quite voluminous and noisy. The Sinhala word “Dunhinda” (pronounced “dung-hinde”means “smoky spray. This smoky vapour is created by the river Badulu Oya that flows through the Badulla town. Slighty further downstream is Kuda Dunhinda Ella, the “Small Smoking Waterfalls”, which can be seen in a distance from another observation platform at the above-mentioned jungle path. The surrounding area is said to have been inhabited by Bintenne Veddas a long time ago.
#16 Baker’s Falls
Baker’s Falls, 22 m (72 ft) in height. is a beautiful waterfall on Horton Plains, about 35 kms away from Nuwara-Eliya. The waterfall looks like steps. Atop of the fall is a long pool. Below the middle part there is another fall. Many Rhododendron and Fern bushes are around the waterfall. The river forming Baker’s Falls is Belihul Oya, which is a tributary of Walawe Ganga. The falls were named after Sir Samuel Baker, who was the first European who has seen these waterfalls, when he was hunting in this remote part of the hill country. Samuel Baker is the famous British explorer, who tried to find the sources of the River Nile and indeed dicovered Lake Albert. Baker served as the Governor-General of the Equatorial Nile Basin between 1869 and 1873, which he established as the Province of Equatoria. His desire for travel took him to Ceylon first, where he founded an agricultural settlement at Nuwara Eliya.
#17 St. Clair’s Falls
This twin waterfall cascades called St. Clair’s Falls can conveniently be seen by travellers on the A7 mainroad as well as from the railway between Hatton and Nanu Oya. All cacades together measure about 80 m (260 ft) in height. Due to the large volume of water and, with 50 m (165 ft) being the widest waterfalls on the island, St Clair’s Falls are often called “King of Waterfalls” or “Niagara of Sri Lanka”. Visitors can walk down among tea bushes at a steep slope to reach the waterfalls. Regrettably, a hydro power project will affect the water resources of St Clair’s, but after protests, a quantity of water will be released then to prevent disappearance of the falls. The second cascade called Kuda Ella (Small St Clair’s), further downstream, is also visible at the curve near the 90 km post of the A7. St. Clair’s Falls are situated amidst Sri Lanka’s vastest tea growing area, its nameging village Dimbula is not far from the falls.
#18 Laxapana Falls
“Laxapana” is also spelt “Lakshapana” in English. The meaning of the Sinhala word “laxa” is “hundred thousand” and “Pahana” is one of the many words for rock. With 126 m (413 ft) the Laxapana Falls belong to the top 10 highest waterfalls in Sri Lanka. Laxapana Falls are situated a little bit hidden at a side road between Kandy and Adam’s Peak, in a village called Kiriwan Eliya and in 9 km distance from Norton Bridge. The rarely visited waterfalls can only be reached via a long flight of stairways running to the pool. Laxapana Ella is formed by Maskeliya Oya, not far from the confluence with the Kehelgamu Oya forming the Kelani River. Today, Laxapana Falls carry much less water now than before the two Laxapana Hydroelectricity Power stations were constructed. Local legend has it that Laxapana Falls was the place where Buddha mended his saffron robe when he was on the way to Sri Pada.
#19 Aberdeen Falls
Aberdeen Falls, near Laxapana Falls, is one of the most picturesque waterfalls of Sri Lanka and a real off-the-beaten-track destination. The 98 m (322 ft) high waterfall is formed by the Kehelgamu Oya, a tributary of the Kelani Ganga. Aberdeen Falls can be reached by driving to a nearby carpark on a sideroad from Norton Bridge to Kitulagala, then walking down a steep stairway. Alternatively, there is a 9 km side road and jungle trek from Ginigathena, an easily accessible village at the pass of the same name. The first part of the sideroad to Aberdeen Falls is managable for cars. Due to a lack of signboards you should not try to find this jungle trek without the help of locals, though coming from this direction can see the Aberdeen Falls already from a far distance. A viewing platform is close to the waterfalls. The pool at the bottom of Aberdeen Falls is crystal clear. But bathing here can be dangerous because of underwater currents.
#20 Manneketi Falls
Though situated only 6 km away from Kitulgala, which is popular with adventure tourists, for river rafting and canyoning and trekking, the fascinating Manneketi Falls remain to be a quaint and gorgeous unknown place, due to its secluded location. Believe it or not, it’s almost impossible to find the Manneketi Falls without the help of locals or experienced guides. But Manneketi Falls is actually worth a hike. It’s more than one waterfall, There are two different levels, to be reached using different jungle pathes. The upper Manneketi Falls consist of several parallel cascades. The large rock pool here is invating, bathing is not dangerous, though it is only 100 metres to the spectacular edge of the 60 m tall main waterfall. This knife-shaped Manaketi Falls can be seen in their full beauty from another pool further downstream. The name of the river is Girankathi Oya. Be aware of leeches when walking in the jungle.
#21 Bopath Falls
Bopath Ella, fromed by the Kuru Ganga, is an amazing waterfall near Kuruwita in the Ratnapura District. The name refers to its distinctive shape resembling that of the leaf of a “Bo” tree, “Path” being the Sinhala word for “leaf”. The form is caused by a narrow gap in the rock at the top of the Bopath Falls. When pouring through this gap, the water fall on a horizontal rock surface causing it to spray as an increasingly widening veil. Myths say that Bopath Ella is haunted and hides a treasure trove. The amount of water can vary dramatically, because Ratnapura District is the main monsoon area. After heavy rainfall bathing in the stream below the Bopath Falls can become quite dangerous, several people lost their lives. Bopath Falls is commercialized, it attracts many visitors, particularly in the weekend, most of them are Sri Lankans. Bopath Ella is situated closer to Colombo than any other highland waterfall, only 100 km.
#22 Dodan Falls
Only 2 km north of Bopath Falls, Dodan Falls, altogether 53 m (174 ft) high, consists of cascades in two distinct sections, the upper one having trunk-shaped arches. Dodan Falls’ source is the Devipahala river, which flows into the Kuru river just below Bopath Falls. The Dodan Falls are close to a small road, the jungle path to the bottom end of the falls is very short, but steep and slippery, ans usually full of leeches. The area of Bopath Ella and Dodan Ella is famous for its abundance in herbal plants. Dodan Ella, as a picturesque location, was used for the filming of the Sri Lankan movie “Inspector Champa”. The pronunciation of “Dodan Ella” is “Dodang Elle”. This “n” is sometimes spelt as an “m”: “Dodam Falls”. But this is misleading. “m” with a dot is used in scientific literature for a character of Indian languages that is called “Anushvara”. It changes is sound, “m” befor “b,p”, “n” before “d,t”, but “ng” otherwise.
#23 Kirindi Falls
Kirindi Ella near Pelmadulla in Ratnapura District is a picture-book waterfall in the jungles at the southern slopes of Sri Lanka’s highlands. The source of this 116 m (381 ft) high waterfall is the Kirindi Ela, not to be confused with the river Kirindi Oya. The Kirindi Ela flows from Kuttapitiya Mountain via the Denawaka River to the Kaluganga. At the base of the Kirindi Fall, the water plunges into a pool called Diyagathwala, which can dry up during the dry season. Locals believe that a flight of stone steps leads down to the bottom, where a treasure trove is hidden. The forested area surrounding the Kirindi Falls was once known as Kustapitiya, meaning itch. Legend has it that a king suffering from an itch had lived here. Locals also believe that during Halloween human voices can be heard near the waterfall and that fireballs can be seen in the skies at night. “Kirindi” is the name of a pearl.
#24 Hunas Falls
Hunas Falls, 48 m (157 ft) high, is man-made, an artificial waterfall in a landscape garden belonging to the renowned hotel of the same name. Just above Hunas Falls lies a 32 hectares garden with an artificial lake, which is for the exclusive pleasure of the hotel guests. Hunas Falls is one of Sri Lanka most scenic hotel locations, right in the centre of the Hunasgiriya Tea Estate. When opened in 1971, it was run by the Tea Estate, now belongs to the Amaya Resorts and Spas offering luxurious ans stylish hotels in many parts of Sri Lanka. The Hunas Falls resort is situated in the hills high above the village of Elkaduwa, 26 km away from Kandy. The mountain hotel, indeed a haven of peace and tranquillity, is an ideal starting point for trekking tours in the Knuckles Range and day trips to Sigiriya or Dambulla in the Cultural Triangle. Hunas Falls has become a hideaway for honeymoon couples in particular.
#25 Bamarakiri Falls
Bamarakiri Falls, a romantic waterfall with several cascades, is situated in the very northwest of Knuckles Range, not far from Rattota and Riverston. A suspension bridge spanned just above the precipice of the main cascade adds a final touch to the already beautiful scenery. There is a rock pool between the upper three cascades called Kuda Bamarakiri Ella and the main waterfall, Maha Bamarikiri Ella, “Kuda” and “Maha” means “small” and “grand” respectively. The natural pool seems to be inviting. But be aware, this is one of the most dangeous places for bathing in Sri Lanka at all. In May 2002, seventeen people lost their lives here, presumably after a sudden increase of waterlevels and currents. But this is not the only example of fatal accidents at Bamarakiri Falls. “Bamara” is the name of a wasp, whereas “kiri” is the Sinhala word for “milk”.
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