ENDEMIC BIRDS OF SRI LANKA

ENDEMIC BIRDS IN Sri Lanka

Find the all endemic birds in Sri Lanka

description of the each birds can be find in the bellow

Details of the endemic birds in Sri Lanka listed above

Layard’s Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)
It is a forest bird also seen in cleared areas and residential gardens and located within the wet lowlands restricted to the foothill areas and mid hilly regions up to about 5000 ft above water level. The bird is often observed in Kitulgala Forest, Sinharaja Rain Forest, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Kanneliya park, Hiyare Forest Reserve, Udawattakele Forest Reserve and therefore the Riverstone area

Chestnut-backed Owlet (Glaucidium castanotum)
A common resident bird found within the wet zone forests and mountains extending up to six,500 ft above water level and therefore the lowlands. The bird is often observed within the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Kanneliya park, and therefore the Sinharaja Rain Forest.

Sri Lanka Swallow (Cecropis (daurica) hyperythra)
It is well distributed throughout the island and may be seen within the forest edges, plantations, paddy fields, grasslands, and residential gardens. The bird is often best observed at the Talangama Tank.


Sri Lanka Blue-Magpie(Urocissa ornate)
It is a member of the crow family that resides within the dense green wet zone temperate rain forest and mountain forests and wet zone foothills. The bird are often observed within the Sinharaja Rain Forest also as within the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Reserve, Hakgala Botanical Gardens and therefore the Morapitiya Forest Reserve


Dull-blue Flycatcher (Eumyias sordidus)
A resident breeder confined to the hilly regions above 650 meters from water level not common below 900 meters. Inhabits mountain forests, well-wooded areas, and residential gardens with many shade and seclusion. The bird is often observed within the Horton Plains park, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Hakgala Botanical Gardens, and therefore the Riverstone area.


Sri Lanka Rufous Babbler (Turdoides rufescens)
Also referred to as the Orange-billed Babbler it’s found within the wet lowland rainforests and within the surrounding hills. The bird is often observed within the Sinharaja Rain Forest and therefore the Kitulgala Forest Reserve.

Sri Lanka Hill White-eye (Zosterops ceylonensis)
Also referred to as the Sri Lanka White Eye, it’s a residential breeder from the mid to high mountainous regions usually at 4000 ft above water level forming large flocks in forests and wooded areas. The bird is often observed within the Hakgala Botanical Gardens, Horton Plains park, and therefore the Riverstone area.

Sri Lanka Blue-Magpie(Urocissa ornate)
It is a member of the crow family that resides within the dense green wet zone temperate rain forest and mountain forests and wet zone foothills. The bird is often observed within the Sinharaja Rain Forest also as within the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Reserve, Hakgala Botanical Gardens, and therefore the Morapitiya Forest Reserve.

Yellow-Fronted Barbet (Megalaima flavifrons)
It is a resident breeder that exists within the wet lowlands to the mid-hills dwells in forests, woodlands, and enormous gardens. The bird is often observed within the Kitulgala Forest, the height Wilderness Reserve, Bodhinagala Forest, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, and therefore the Hiyare Forest Reserve.


Sri Lanka Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii)
Also referred to as the Sri Lankan gallina it’s found fairly widespread from the lowlands to highlands, homing in forests and dense scrublands. The bird is often observed within the Kitulgala Forest, Yala Park, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Mitirigala Forest Reserve, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Bodhinagala Forest, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, Hiyare Forest Reserve, Kalametiya Sanctuary, Bundala park, Kirinda-Palatupana Wetlands, Yala Park, Nilgala Forest Reserve and Galoya park, Kumana park, Horton Plains park, Udawattakele Forest Reserve, Riverstone Area, Wasgamuwa park, Sigiriya Sanctuary and vicinity, Minneriya park and therefore the Wilpattu park.


Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros gingalensis)
It is a widely found resident breeder found within the lowlands up to the mid-hills. Its main habitat is that the forests and also seen in wooded areas. This bird is often observed within the Mitirigala Forest Reserve, Kitulgala Forest, Bodhinagala Forest, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Rain Forest, Hiyare Forest Reserve and therefore the Sigiriya Sanctuary.

Black-capped Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanicterus)
This resident breeder is typically seen in pairs and located abundantly within the wet zone and from the lowlands up to the mid mountainous areas. This bird is often observed within the Mitirigala Forest Reserve, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Bodhinagala Forest, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Hiyare Forest Reserve, Udawalawe park and therefore the Wasgamuwa park.


Sri Lanka Indian grackle (Gracula ptilogenys)
Also referred to as the Common Indian grackle, it’s typically found in forests and cultivated lands and is famed for its melodious call. Mainly found within the wet zone mountainous regions at elevations of 6000 ft above water level, being the rarest within the highest hills. it’s frequently seen in forests and wooded areas. This bird is often observed within the Mitirigala Forest Reserve, Udawattakele Forest reserve, Bodhinagala Forest, and Hiyare Forest Reserve.

Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush (Myophonus blighi)
It is found within the mountainous regions, yet rare within the high hills. Its habitat is a dense jungle and thick forests on the brink of a source of water. This bird is often observed within the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, Horton Plains park, and therefore the Riverstone Area.


Sri Lanka Small Barbet (Megalaima rubricapillus)
Also called the Crimson-fronted Barbet, it’s widely found within the wet zone of the low country rising to the mid-hills. are often seen very rarely within the dry zone. Found mainly in forests and densely wooded areas with rare sightings even in home gardens and concrete surroundings. This bird is often observed within the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, Bodhinagala Forest, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, Hiyare Forest Reserve and therefore the Udawattakele Forest Reserve.


Sri Lanka Spurfowl (Galloperdix bicalcarata)
Found mostly within the south-west lowland wet zone, being very rare within the dry zone and mountainous regions. it’s a really reserved bird that exists within the thick, dense rainforests; especially catchment and riverine forests within the dry zone. This bird is often observed in Mitirigala Forest reserve, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Reserve, Bodhinagala Forest Reserve, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, and Hiyare Forest Reserve.


Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler (Pomatorhinus melanurus)
Found in most parts of the country and infrequently within the dry lowlands. Lives in Forests, densely wooded areas, scrublands, and residential gardens. This bird is often observed within the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, Hiyare Forest, Horton Plains park, Hakgala Botanic Gardens and therefore the Udawattakele Forest Reserve.


Legge’s Flowerpecker (Dicaeum vincens)
A resident breeding species commonly found in wet lowlands and mid-zone hills; rarely reaching higher hills. they’re known to measure in forests, well-wooded habitats, including home gardens. This bird is often observed within the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Bodhinagala Forest Reserve, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Forest Reserve and therefore the Hiyare Forest Reserve.


Sri Lanka ringdove (Columba torringtoniae)
It is a resident breeding bird that lives within the mountainous regions of the country. Rarely seen within the lowland rainforests mostly during the fruit-bearing seasons. Found to frequent dense forests and heavily wooded home gardens. This bird is often observed within the Hakgala Botanic Gardens and therefore the Riverstone Area.


Crimson-backed Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes stricklandi)
It is found throughout the island but prefers the mountainous regions within the wet zone. Its regular habitats are forests and heavily wooded areas. This bird is often observed within the Mitirigala Forest Reserve, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Bodhinagala Forest Reserve, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, Hiyare Forest Reserve, Udawalawe Park , Horton Plains park, Hakgala Botanic Gardens, Udawattekele Forest Reserve, Riverstone Area and therefore the Wasgamuwa park.


Green-billed Coucal (Centropus chlororhynchos)
It is found primarily within the wet lowlands up to the mid mountains and being a timid species it’s known to dwell within the southwestern dense rain forests. This bird are often observed within the Mitirigala Forest Reserve, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Bodhinagala Forest Reserve, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest and therefore the Kanneliya Rain Forest.


Pompadour Green Pigeon (Treron pompadora endemic birds in sri lanka)
It is also referred to as the Sri Lanka Green Pigeon and located commonly within the lowlands and lower level hills, existing in rainforests and densely wooded areas. This bird is often observed within the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Mitirigala Forest Reserve, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, Hiyare Forest Reserve, Udawattakele Forest Reserve, Minneriya park, Sigiriya Sanctuary and therefore the Wilpattu park.


Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush (Zoothera imbricate)
Also referred to as Sri Lanka Thrush it’s a non-migratory resident breeder within the southwestern wet lowlands up to the mountainous regions. it’s resident within the evergreen rain forests also as in densely wooded areas, plantations and parks. This bird is often observed within the Sinharaja Rain Forest and therefore the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary.


Sri Lanka Crested Drongo (Dicrurus lophorinus)
Also referred to as Sri Lanka Drongo it’s a breeding resident commonly found in subtropical and tropical moist lowland forests situated within the wet zone and moist montane forests within the mid mountainous regions and sometimes even higher. Known to dwell in dense forests especially the rainforests. This bird is often observed within the Bodhinagala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kanneliya Forest Reserve, and therefore the Hiyare Forest Reserve.

Serendib owl endemic birds in sri lanka (Otus thilohoffmanni)
Known as the foremost recently discovered bird of Sri Lanka, its habitat is that the rain forests within the southwestern region of Sri Lanka. This bird is often observed within the Sinharaja Rain Forest, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, the height Wilderness Sanctuary and therefore the Morapitiya Forest Reserve.


Red-faced Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus)
It is found mainly within the regions from lowlands to the mid mountainous areas. it’s known to inhabit dense forests and is essentially confined to the Sinharaja Rain Forest, Morapitiya Forest Reserve, and therefore the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary.

Best Places For Bird Watching In Sri Lanka

Kumana park is taken into account one of the foremost important nesting and breeding grounds for endemic birds in Sri Lanka. The Bundala park situated within the southernmost tip of the bird migratory route may be a favorite birding ground where flocks of flamingos, herons, and storks are a daily sight. the opposite places are the Kalametiya aviary, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Bodinagala Forest Reserve, Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Yala, Wilpattu, Udawalawe, Wagamuwa, Minneriya and Horton Plains National Parks additionally to numerous tanks, reservoirs, lagoons, marshes, lakes, and rivers. See the all NATIONAL PARKS IN SRI LANKA

Watch this video – endemic birds in sri lanka

Google map of the birds watching places in sri lanka

Source : https://bestoflanka.com/

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